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Cameradar – An RTSP Surveillance Camera Access Multitool

Cameradar hacks its way into RTSP CCTV cameras

Cameradar allows you to:

  • Detect open RTSP hosts on any accessible target
  • Get their public info (hostname, port, camera model, etc.)
  • Launch automated dictionary attacks to get their stream route (for example /live.sdp)
  • Launch automated dictionary attacks to get the username and password of the cameras
  • Generate thumbnails from them to check if the streams are valid and to have a quick preview of their content
  • Try to create a Gstreamer pipeline to check if they are properly encoded
  • Print a summary of all the informations Cameradar could get

And all of this in a single command-line.
Of course, you can also call for individual tasks if you plug in a Database to Cameradar using the MySQL cache manager for example. You can create your own cache manager by following the simple example of the dumb cache manager.

Quick install
The quick install uses docker to build Cameradar without polluting your machine with dependencies and makes it easy to deploy Cameradar in a few commands. However, it may require networking knowledge, as your docker containers will need access to the cameras subnetwork.

Dependencies
The only dependencies are docker, docker-tools, git and make.

Five steps guide

  1. git clone https://github.com/EtixLabs/cameradar.git
  2. cd cameradar/deployment
  3. Tweak the conf/cameradar.conf.json as you need (see the configuration guide here for more information)
  4. docker-compose build ; docker-compose up

By default, the version of the package in the deployment should be the last stable release.
If you want to scan a different target or different ports, change the values CAMERAS_TARGET and CAMERAS_PORTS in the docker-compose.yml file.
The generated thumbnails will be in the cameradar_thumbnails folder after Cameradar has finished executing.
If you want to deploy your custom version of Cameradar using the same method, you should check the advanced docker deployment tutorial here.

Manual installation
The manual installation is recommended if you want to tweak Cameradar and quickly test them using CMake and running Cameradar in command-line. If you just want to use Cameradar, it is recommended to use the quick install instead.

Dependencies
To install Cameradar you will need these packages

  • cmake (cmake)
  • git (git)
  • gstreamer1.x (libgstreamer1.0-dev)
  • ffmpeg (ffmpeg)
  • boost (libboost-all-dev)
  • libcurl (libcurl4-openssl-dev)

Steps
The simplest way would be to follow these steps :

  1. git clone https://github.com/EtixLabs/cameradar.git
  2. cd cameradar
  3. mkdir build
  4. cd build
  5. cmake ..
  6. make
  7. cd cameradar_standalone
  8. ./cameradar -s the_target_you_want_to_scan

Output
For each camera, Cameradar will output these JSON objects :

{
   "address" : "173.16.100.45",
   "ids_found" : true,
   "password" : "123456",
   "path_found" : true,
   "port" : 554,
   "product" : "Vivotek FD9381-HTV",
   "protocol" : "tcp",
   "route" : "/live.sdp",
   "service_name" : "rtsp",
   "state" : "open",
   "thumbnail_path" : "/tmp/127.0.0.1/1463735257.jpg",
   "username" : "admin"
}

Check camera access
If you have VLC Media Player, you should be able to use the GUI to connect to the RTSP stream using this format : rtsp://username:password@address:port/route
With the above result, the RTSP URL would be rtsp://admin:123456@173.16.100.45:554/live.sdp
If you’re still in your console however, you can go even faster by using vlc in commmand-line and just run vlc rtsp://username:password@address:port/route with the camera’s info instead of the placeholders.

Command line options

  • “-c” : Set a custom path to the configuration file (-c /path/to/conf) <<<<<<< HEAD
  • “-s” : Set custom subnets (overrides configuration) : You can use this argument in many ways, using a subnet (e.g.: 172.16.100.0/24) or even an IP (e.g.: 172.16.100.10), a range of IPs (e.g.: 172.16.100.10-172.16.100.20) or a mix of all those (e.g.: 172.17.100.0/24,172.16.100.10-172.16.100.20,0.0.0.0). =======
  • “-s” : Set custom target (overrides configuration)
  • “-p” : Set custom ports (overrides configuration)
  • “-m” : Set number of threads (Default value : 1)
  • “-l” : Set log level
    • “-l 1” : Log level DEBUG
      • Will print everything including debugging logs
    • “-l 2” : Log level INFO
      • Prints every normal information
    • “-l 4” : Log level WARNING
      • Only prints warning and errors
    • “-l 5” : Log level ERROR
      • Only prints errors
    • “-l 6” : Log level CRITICAL
      • Doesn’t print anything since Cameradar can’t have critical failures right now, however you can use this level to debug your own code easily or if you add new critical layers
  • “-d” : Launch the discovery tool
  • “-b” : Launch the dictionary attack tool on all discovered devices
    • Needs either to be launched with the -d option or to use an advanced cache manager (DB, file, …) with data already present
  • “-t” : Generate thumbnails from detected cameras
    • Needs either to be launched with the -d option or to use an advanced cache manager (DB, file, …) with data already present
  • “-g” : Check if the stream can be opened with GStreamer
    • Needs either to be launched with the -d option or to use an advanced cache manager (DB, file, …) with data already present
  • “-v” : Display Cameradar’s version
  • “-h” : Display this help
  • “–gst-rtsp-server” : Use this option if the attack does not seem to work (only detects the username but not the path, or the opposite). This option will switch the order of the attacks to prioritize path over credentials, which is the way priority is handled for cameras that use GStreamer’s RTSP server.

 

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