ThreatBox is a standard and controlled Linux based attack platform. I’ve used a version of this for years. It started as a collection of scripts, lived as a rolling virtual machine, existed as code to build a Linux ISO, and has now been converted to a set of ansible playbooks. Why Ansible? Why not? This seemed to be the next natural evolution to the configuration of standard attack platforms.
This project uses ansible playbooks and roles to perform post deployment configuration on a linux target (Tested on Ubuntu 18.04).
The project is designed to be used as a starter process in creating, managing, and using a standard attack platform for red teaming or penetration testing.
Detail on the concept of a Standard Attack Platform can be found it the book Red Team Development and Operations – A practical guide, written by Joe Vest and James Tubberville.
- Standard tools defined as ansible roles
- Customizations designed to make security testing easier
- Variable list to add or remove git repositories, OS packages, or python modules. (threatbox.yml)
- Version tracking of the deployed instance version and the deploy tool version. This is helpful it meeting compliance rules and can help minimize fear by actively tracking all tools.
- Threatbox version created at deployment and displayed in desktop wallpaper
- Deployed software tracked in ~/Desktop/readme
- SSH port auto-switching. The deployment starts on port 22, but reconfigures the target system to the desired SSH port using the
- Download and compile several .net toolkits (i.e. SeatBelt.exe from Ghostpack https://github.com/GhostPack/Seatbelt)
- Most python projects installed using pipenv. Use
pipenv shellin the project directory to access. See https://realpython.com/pipenv-guide/ for pipenv usage guidance
The following list highlights key components of this project.
|host||Ansible hosts file||Update with IP addresses of target ansible systems|
|group_vars/threatbox.yml||common variables||variable used for the project. update as needed.|
|threatbox_playbox.yml||Primary ansible playbook||Update as need to add additional roles or features|
|roles/common||Common OS platform configuration||Setup common OS settings (i.e set version in background or build)|
|roles/.||other specific roles to configure or deploy tools||add or modify roles in roles/|
Provision one or more targets.
Note: This project was tested on Ubuntu 18.04 deployed in Digitalocean
hostswith the IP(s) of your target systems
group_varsthreatbox.ymlwith the updated variables you would like to use
- Don’t forget to update SSH key with a key that has access to the remote target
# OSX issue https://github.com/ansible/ansible/issues/32499
if [[ "$(uname)" == "Darwin" ]]
# Ansible Logging
# Ansible Debugging
# Execute playbook
ansible-playbook -e ansible_python_interpreter=/usr/bin/python3 -i hosts threatbox_playbook.yml
Note: Consider using Mitogen for Ansible to gain a significant performance boost. https://mitogen.networkgenomics.com/ansible_detailed.html
Tested with this ansible.cfg
host_key_checking = False
pipelining = True
forks = 100
timeout = 600
stdout_callback = yaml
bin_ansible_callbacks = True
callback_whitelist = profile_roles, profile_tasks, timer
strategy_plugins = ~/Documents/mitogen-0.2.9/ansible_mitogen/plugins/strategy
strategy = mitogen_linear
Remotely Access the system
Console access with SSH
Note: SSH may be set to a non-standard port during setup. This value is set in the
ssh -p $sshport -i ~/.ssh/threatbox_id_rsa [email protected]$threatboxip
GUI Access with VNC over SSH
Note: VNC is setup but not allowed over the network. You must use an SSH tunnel to access.
ssh -p $sshport -i ~/.ssh/threatbox_id_rsa -L 5901:localhost:5901 [email protected]$threatboxip
Notes on the project
This project uses ansbile roles. These roles may not exactly follow the ansible style. They were designed to be used as part of this project and use a single ‘variable’ file to control the project. The roles can easily be used in other project with minor tweaks.
ThreatBox Custom Commands
Tracking of all installed tools
Automatic terminal logging
Custom terminal options provide more context
Light version of the terminal
Example of SilentTrinity running in pipenv environment